How to Write a Concluding Paragraph for a Persuasive Essay in College
The function of the essay's Conclusion is to restate the main argument. It reminds the reader of the strengths of the argument: that is, it reiterates the most important evidence supporting the argument.
Make sure, however, that your conclusion is not simply a repetitive summary as this reduces the impact of the argument you have developed in your essay. The conclusion provides a forum for you to persuasively and succinctly restate your thesis given the reader has now been presented with all the information about the topic.
Depending on the discipline you are writing in, the concluding paragraph may also contain a reflection on the evidence presented, or on the essay's thesis. The nature of the reflection will depend on your topic Woodward-Kron, but questions such as these may be considered: What is the significance of your findings? What are the implications of your conclusions for this topic and for the broader field?
Are their any limitations to your approach? Are there any other factors of relevance that impact upon the topic but fell outside the scope of the essay? Are their any suggestions you can make in terms of future research?
To close the discussion without closing it off, you might do one or more of the following:. Finally, some advice on how not to end an essay:.
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Writing Guide: Introduction and Conclusion
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- How to Write a Conclusion Paragraph!
To establish a sense of closure, you might do one or more of the following: Conclude by linking the last paragraph to the first, perhaps by reiterating a word or phrase you used at the beginning. Conclude with a sentence composed mainly of one-syllable words. Simple language can help create an effect of understated drama. Conclude with a sentence that's compound or parallel in structure; such sentences can establish a sense of balance or order that may feel just right at the end of a complex discussion. To close the discussion without closing it off, you might do one or more of the following: Conclude with a quotation from or reference to a primary or secondary source, one that amplifies your main point or puts it in a different perspective.
A quotation from, say, the novel or poem you're writing about can add texture and specificity to your discussion; a critic or scholar can help confirm or complicate your final point. Or you might end with a biographer's statement about Joyce's attitude toward Dublin, which could illuminate his characters' responses to the city.
Just be cautious, especially about using secondary material: make sure that you get the last word. Conclude by setting your discussion into a different, perhaps larger, context. Conclude by redefining one of the key terms of your argument.
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