Knowing the different parenting styles and their possible affects on cognition can help them in raising their child. It is important for parents to realize that the parenting style they use to raise their child will have an impact on their child's cognitive development. According to Waitly, since parents have had many questions about parenting for many years, studies have been done to determine what parents can do to raise independent, well-adjusted, responsible, an respectful adults p.
4 Types of Parenting Styles and Their Effects on Kids
All parents have the intentions of rasing their child to grow up to be happy and confident adults. A parent needs to provide the child with an environment that they will be able to grow into responsible adults Waitly, no date. Diana Baumrind's three parenting styles are authoritative - a child-rearing style that is demanding and responsive, authoritarian - a child-rearing style that is demanding and unresponsive to a child's needs, and permissive - a child-rearing style that is responsive, but undemanding Berk, These patterns of parenting styles shape a child's cognition.
Authoritative parents provide their child with warmth, attention, and autonomy, yet they set limits and are demanding. They encourage their child to be independent and individualistic.
Parenting Styles : An Effective Parenting Style
They also engage in discussion and explanations over matters of discipline and family decision making, thus parents listen patiently to a child's point of view as well as provide sensitive guidance. According to Waitly, authoritative parents say "Let's talk it over Authoritative parenting is effective in shaping a child's cognition.
Authoritative parenting is associated with task persistence, academic achievement, social maturity, high self-esteem and confidence, self-confident in completing new tasks, self-controlled in their ability to resist engaging in disruptive behavior, and less gendered type Berk, Children are competent, responsible, and independent Pike, Authoritative parenting also encourages intrinsic motivation. The parenting style that my parents use is authoritative approach which has shaped my cognitive development, thus encouraged me to achieve an identity.
My parents are warm and loving, yet they still insist that I behave appropriately. When I did not behave, my parents would put me on restriction. They do not believe in hitting as a way to discipline; it just leads to aggressive behavior and resentment. Taking away a privilege for a week that I enjoyed doing depending on how severe the action was , stopped me from doing it again. My parents also encourage independence, give me freedom to explore, encourage connectedness to the family, and provide emotional support. They were willing to explain the reasons for their rules and give their daughters the freedom to disagree.
When my mother would not let me go out with my friends, I would argue with her. My mother would not just tell me that I could not go out, but gave me an explanation why I could not go. Even though I would sometimes disagree with my parents' advice or suggestions, they would still make me hear them.
One of the biggest conflict growing up, was going out and dating. My parents did not let me go out that much, thus they did not want me to have a boyfriend until I graduated from high school.
Finally, after my parents and I sat down and discussed this dilemma, I understood where my parents were coming from and they understood me. After this conversation, they let me go out, but I had a curfew. They also let me date, but I had to bring my sister or a friend along. My parents also permit verbal disagreements which promote cognitive development as long as they remain focus on principles. Through discussions of family rules and practices, I became more aware of my parents' values and reasons behind them.
Gradually, I came to see the importance of parental beliefs and values and adopted many as my own, thus forming an identity. Authoritarian parents set high standards, place a high value on conformity, and expect obedience without any questions or comments. They are demanding and unresponsive to a child's needs.
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They feel that children should obey their parents and not talk back, thus they "discourage independence and individuality" Pike, If a child doesn't agree on what the parent thinks is right and questions them, the parents will use force and punishment. According to Waitly, an authoritarian parent would say to a child "Do what I say! An authoritarian parent's characteristics are controlling, bossy, setting rigid rule, not asking their child but telling them, may use physical punishment and humiliation to get cooperation, little verbal exchange, make all decisions, and ignores their child's feelings Waitly, no date.
Authoritarian parenting approach affects a child's cognition negatively. Children who are consistently treated an a authoritarian way tend to be withdrawn, rebellious, unhappy, have a low self-esteem, anxious, lacked intellectual curiosity, and react to others with hostility when frustrated. According to Baumrind , girls were dependent, lacked exploration, and retreated from challenging tasks.
Many of my aunts and uncles use the authoritarian approach in raising their children. Their children can't question their parents or share their point of views. Their parents are also strict and demanding. My cousins have a hard time going out and communicating with their parents. Since their was no motivation from their parents to continue school, many of my cousins have dropped out of high school.
Authoritarian parenting could negatively affect cognition, but it is not always the case. My mother grew up in a authoritarian family, but it didn't affect her cognition negatively. She states, "It is a good thing that my parents were very strict with me because it made me stay out of trouble. I did not do drugs nor was I promiscuous". My mother has a high self-esteem, is confident, is intelligent, and most of the time is happy.
She tried not to do wrong because her father would hit her with a whip. Even though her parents were strict and demanding, My mother grew up to be a confident and intelligent women. Permissive parents are warm and accepting, but make no demands or set limits on their children.
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Since they are noncontrolling, these parents allow their children to regulate their own behavior. They allow their children to make their own decisions at any age. According to Waitly, permissive parents say "Do what you want? The characteristics of this type of parent are involvement with their child, but there are no rules, demands, or expectations Waitly, no date. This parenting approach affects a child's cognition negatively.
Children of permissive parents tend to be immature, impulsive, underachievers, rebellious, low self-esteem, dependent on adults, and showed less persistence on school tasks. I know many males and females who come from permissive families and now are rebellious and underachievers. I have a friend that comes from a permissive family, but he is the opposite of what statistics show. He is a very intelligent person with a lot going for him.
I have always wondered why he is not immature, aggressive, and an underachiever. I asked him if he had any role models, but he said no.
He said, "The reason I grew up cognitively, emotionally, and socially healthy is because I knew what was wrong and right. I didn't want to be a thug on the streets. I had many dreams and goals at a very young age. I just didn't want to be part of the statistics". His mother is a bus driver, thus she is hardly home. When she was home she spends some quality time with her children. Even though her mom worked full-time, the little extra time she had after work she would spend it with her son and daughter.
The mother was involved in her children's lives. From work she would call home to see how her children were doing. She always made sure she spent time after work with her children even if she was tired or stressed. Even though she was warm and concerned about her children, she did not set demands or limits. Uninvolved parents are uncontrolling and unresponsive. Since the parents are uncaring, the children tend to grow up to be hostile.
According to Waitly, uninvolved parents would say "Do what you want to", thus they are not involved in the child's life and feel that they have no right to limit a child's behavior p. The cognitive development of these children is affected negatively. They grow up to lack social and academic skills, thus most engage in delinquent behavior. One of my cousins is from an uninvolved family. Both of her parents work and when they come home they are too tired to spend quality time with their children.
They do not respond to any of her needs. My cousin does what she wants, whenever she wants. Now that she is an adult, she told me, "I wish my parents would have set some limits and rules". They often only step in when there's a serious problem. They're quite forgiving and they adopt an attitude of "kids will be kids. They might give privileges back if a child begs or they may allow a child to get out of time-out early if he promises to be good.
Permissive parents usually take on more of a friend role than a parent role. They often encourage their children to talk with them about their problems, but they usually don't put much effort into discouraging poor choices or bad behavior. They may exhibit more behavioral problems as they don't appreciate authority and rules.
They often have low self-esteem and may report a lot of sadness.
They're also at a higher risk for health problems, like obesity, because permissive parents struggle to limit junk food intake. They are even more likely to have dental cavities because permissive parents often don't enforce good habits, like ensuring a child brushes his teeth. If those statements sound familiar, you might be an uninvolved parent.
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