Gradually, Scout starts to use her head instead of her fists and makes great progress in it. The pinnacle of showing her skills was talking to the lynch mob and shaming them all at once. The quote that explains the title of the book and foreshadows some events in its end now is about the actual mockingbird. There is no reason of killing it and it is the senseless act of cruelty. Luckily, Arthur Radley manages to save them and kill Ewell in self-defence.
To Kill a Mockingbird: Atticus Finch Character Analysis
Later, when his case is being investigated, even the judge and the sheriff decide that poor Arthur is too much of a mockingbird to ruin his life. There is no sin on him, he defended his only two friends and had no malicious intentions. He knows that all the town is sure Tom is guilty, because he is black and his potential victim looks pretty distressed.
But Atticus knows that there is something wrong with the case. Moreover, he knows Tom and is sure that he is unable to commit such a horrible deed as raping a woman.
As a lawyer, Atticus knows and respects the majority rule , but now he has to go against it, against almost everyone, risking his reputation to do what he feels is right. This talk of Atticus and Jem is dedicated to the theme of real courage. This is another kind of life lessons for another person: Scout is still a six-year-old girl, but Jem is almost a young adult with all the social expectations burdening him and prejudices about manly qualities such as courage. As an example of courage Atticus takes the most unexpected person — their grumpy and sharp-tongued neighbor lady who has died recently.
The Courage of Atticus Finch in To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
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Scout says that "'Do you really think so? Atticus uses this approach not only with his children, but with all of Maycomb. And yet, for all of his mature treatment of Jem and Scout, he patiently recognizes that they are children and that they will make childish mistakes and assumptions. Ironically, Atticus' one insecurity seems to be in the child-rearing department, and he often defends his ideas about raising children to those more experienced and more traditional.
His stern but fair attitude toward Jem and Scout reaches into the courtroom as well.
Famous Atticus Finch Quotes - A Research Guide for Students
He politely proves that Bob Ewell is a liar; he respectfully questions Mayella about her role in Tom's crisis. One of the things that his longtime friend Miss Maudie admires about him is that "'Atticus Finch is the same in his house as he is on the public streets. And although most of the town readily pins the label "trash" on other people, Atticus reserves that distinction for those people who unfairly exploit others.
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Atticus believes in justice and the justice system. He doesn't like criminal law, yet he accepts the appointment to Tom Robinson's case. He knows before he begins that he's going to lose this case, but that doesn't stop him from giving Tom the strongest defense he possibly can. And, importantly, Atticus doesn't put so much effort into Tom's case because he's an African American, but because he is innocent.
Atticus feels that the justice system should be color blind, and he defends Tom as an innocent man, not a man of color.
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Atticus is the adult character least infected by prejudice in the novel. He has no problem with his children attending Calpurnia's church, or with a black woman essentially raising his children. He admonishes Scout not to use racial slurs, and is careful to always use the terms acceptable for his time and culture. He goes to Helen's home to tell her of Tom's death, which means a white man spending time in the black community. Other men in town would've sent a messenger and left it at that.
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